Children spend so many hours mutually in nursery school that it is not unexpected that they distribute infections and symptoms during the course. We explain the most common diseases in nursery school children and how to treat them.
Up to one viral sickness, a week children can get when they go to nursery school. And although these are normally gentle and easily resolved pictures, which infrequently present complexities, their high number and the vulnerability of the children make their parents worry. We analyze the six most common diseases during the school year, how they are developed, and what you can do to handle them and improve the health of your little one.
Six most common diseases in nursery school children
Pharyngitis and acute cold
They are rated two of the most common upper tract infections and, although we are talking about infection, not all of them need antibiotic treatment since the huge majority of them are produced by viruses.
Signs of the common cold pass by fever, a runny nose, nasal congestion, and, in some circumstances, loss of hunger and vomiting. In the case of pharyngitis, all these signs are followed by a strep throat and expectorant cough – with phlegm.
The only remedy indicated for pharyngitis and colds is symptomatic: antipyretics for temperature and general discomfort and fluids for mucus and whooping cough. The antitussives and mucolytics should not administrate without medical prescription because they are defense mechanisms that stop infection wounds in deeper areas of the body such as the lungs and larynx and complex. Only when these are too hard and make it tough for your child to breathe, may the pediatrician prescribe one. Meanwhile, lots of fluids to thin the mucus and soften the throat, and patience.
The typical otitis is normally caused by the buildup of mucus in the Eustachian tube after a respiratory infection. Children have shorter, horizontal, and wider tubes, making them the ideal home for snot. You can give mucus, noises in the throat, fever, and earache, more intense when lying down.
The good news is that many of them resolve automatically in 2 or 3 days with a treatment of anti-inflammatory drops. In some cases, it will be inevitable to prescribe an antibiotic.
It happens when the membrane that envelope the eye by the white part and the inner area of the eyelid becomes inflamed. It is a common infection at an early age that is produced either by an allergy or by an infection. The inflammation generates redness and the eye increases the production of tears as a defense mechanism to clean itself. And it is specific with these tears that the dilemma can occur when they become superinfected, and the feeling of having dust in the eye and extreme itching is noticed.
Conjunctivitis is a very infectious contact disorder so severe precautions with it should be taken. Treatment includes the application of an antibiotic eye drop for less than a week. We will give the infection healed when the child wakes up for two days without secretions and with normal eyes without itching.
Herpangina and hand-foot-mouth disease
Herpangina acts as red dots at the back of the mouth that turn into obnoxious ulcers or sores. Meanwhile, in the case of hand-foot-mouth disease, the dots also appear on the hands and feet, even in the diaper area. Both diseases are caused by the same virus and can present with fever, sore throat, and general malaise for several days before the appearance of the pimples.
The virus, which is spread by breathing or by contact, is untreated and the ulcers dissolve on their own in about 10 days. During the incubation period, which lasts from 2 to 3 days, you can give an antipyretic for fever and pain and extreme hygiene measures to limit their spread.
Roseola or sixth disease
The unexpected rash is also known as roseola or sixth disease because it was observed after five other exanthemic diseases: measles, scarlet fever, rubella, chickenpox, and Parvovirus B19.
It develops with a very high fever that can reach 40.5 ºC and, a few days later, with a skin rash that starts on the trunk and spreads to the extremities. The rash is made up of small pink dots that do not normally itch and last for 3 to 7 days during which the fever steadily decreases. You will also have a lot of runny nose, a sore throat, and red eyes.
The infection heals on its own without treatment and complexities. The only thing you can give him is an antipyretic to lower his fever and improve his general condition.
It is quite popular both in nursery school and in the first years of school. The most common is that caused by rotavirus, an infection that is slowly reducing thanks to the use of the vaccine, not included in the official calendar but for sale in pharmacies.
It reveals itself with diarrhea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, and blood and mucus in the stool, in some cases.
As the transmission is very simple, you have to take extreme hygiene measures. Besides, it offers the child a good hydration and astringent diet. It should not be left without eating. Probiotics are a good resource in these cases to increase the intestinal flora and reduce pathogens.